Military occupation, political imaginations, and the First World War
Sophie De Schaepdrijver Pages 1 - 5View the article abstract
This theme issue presents a selection of the latest scholarship on the military occupations of the First World War in Europe. It demonstrates the significant recent expansion in our knowledge of this aspect of the war. Recent monographs, some of them by contributors to this issue, also testify to this leap in scholarship.1 This progress has, very fruitfully, included work on Bulgarian, Italian and Russian military occupations.2 The articles in this issue, as it happens, all deal with the military occupations by the German and Austro-Hungarian empires. At their height, these encompassed territories stretching from Lille in the west to the Don River in the east, and from Courland in the north to Friuli and Montenegro in the south. These occupied territories were both separate from and central to the war. They were separate from the war in that they had a different statute: they were neither fronts nor home fronts. Conquest had made them into hinterlands of the armies that had conquered them. In that sense, they had been placed outside of the war. But in other senses, the occupied territories were very much drawn into the war. First, their populations were mobilized by the war; second, they impacted the mobilizations of the states that had conquered them.