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Warfare and Belligerence:
Perspectives in First World War Studies

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This volume presents original research arising from the society’s second conference in Oxford.

The essays collected here suggest some of the ways in which an interdisciplinary perspective may contribute to our understanding of the Great War. Contributors examine the relationship between the character of the war and the nature of belligerent societies, and present original research on the comparative history of the First World War. In 1914-1918, the front lines did not only separate warring nations, but also cut across belligerent societies and ultimately determined the social responses to the conflict. Indeed, the ‘totalizing logic’ of the First World War entailed the blurring of boundaries between combatants and non-combatants, soldier and civilian. Subjects included are operational and tactical evolution, social mobilization, military discipline and morale, prisoners of war, veterans and demobilization, religion and politics, war literature and cinema, memory and commemoration.

Contributors: Pierre Purseigle; Patrick Porter; Dennis Showalter; Leonard V. Smith; Nicolas Ginsburger; Elise Julien; Paul Mulvey; Keith Grieves; Leen Engelen; Nicolas Beaupre; Jennifer D. Keene; Elizabeth Fordham; Vanda Wilcox; Heather Jones; Gearoid Barry.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors
  • Acknowledgements

Introduction: ‘Warfare and belligerence: Approaches to the First World War’ Pierre Purseigle

  1. ‘Mastering the Western Front: German, British and French approaches’
  2. ‘Discipline in the Italian army during WWI’
  3. ‘New Jerusalems. English and German Military chaplains and the ideal of redemptive sacrifice’
  4. ‘Encountering the “enemy”: prisoner of war transport and the development of war culture in 1914’
  5. ‘Marc Sangnier’s war, 1914-1919. Portrait of a soldier, catholic and social activist’
  6. ‘The wartime career of Josiah Wedgwood, the English Radical politician’
  7. ‘“The war within the war”: protest and disability among African-American veterans of the First World War’
  8. ‘Huts, demobilisation and the quest for an associational life in rural communities in England after the Great War’
  9. ‘An American Geographer between Science and Diplomacy: the Mission of Douglas W. Johnson in Europe, May-November 1918’
  10. ‘The Great War and modern scholarship: academic responses to war in Paris and London’
  11. ‘New Writers, New Literary Genres (1914-1918): the Contribution of Historical Comparatism (France, Germany)’
  12. ‘Women readers of Barbusse’
  13. ‘Cinematographic representation of the enemy in Belgian fiction films 1918-1939’
  14. ‘Paris, Berlin: War Memory in two capital cities (1914-1933)’
  15. Index